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The basaltic outcrop of nearly 900 m was already inhabited by the Etruscans, as evidenced by a temple dedicated to the god Vertumnus. During the Carolingian period was erected what is still the symbol of the city, the fortress was enlarged in 1154 and then restored by the Medici. Radicofani was last in their power to resign the title of Town (1559). From 1297 to 1300 took refuge here, the military commander of ghibellino Ghino heel, guilty of murder. He led a vigorous fight against the state of the Church itself, which began at the edge of those radicofanesi, but to give him the notoriety in which the raids were mostly robbed the rich landowners, as the most famous English legend mate, to give to the poor.